Lecture & Discussion – 2.26.2020

Additional Resources: Theories of Change

This page contains additional resources for the Theories of Change class.

What is a Theory of Change?: The video below from Social Investment Business, UK provides an overview of what a theory of change is and why it is important in order to measure impact, particularly in the social change sector.

Video from Social Investment Business, UK

Setting up a Theory of Change: The video below discusses the Theory of Change toolkit developed by the National Endowment for Science, Technology & the Arts in the UK (NESTA). As they put it: “Setting up a Theory of Change is like making a roadmap that outlines the steps by which you plan to achieve your goal. It helps you define whether your work is contributing towards achieving the impact you envision, and if there is another way that you need to consider as well.”

Video by NESTA, UK

Theory of Change Toolkit: The Nesta toolkit for building a theory of Change can be found on their website.

An extensive overview of theory of change thinking from Hivos, a Dutch NGO:

The Learning for Sustainability website has many articles on theories of change

Cynefin Framework: In the 2 videos below, Dave Snowden introduces his Cynefin Frameworkfor sense-making, problem analysis, decision making and project management.

Video from the Cognitive Edge, 2010

Video from the Lean, Agile and Scrum Conference, 2013

Post Normal Science: Post Normal Science is a new conception of the management of complex science-related issues that can be a useful approach to problem solving. Post Normal Science focuses on aspects of problems solving that tend to be overlooked such as: uncertainty, value loading and multiple legitimate perspectives. It is particularly useful when designing for complex systems.

The Commons Explained by Coley Curry, graduate student at Arizona State University, working towards her MFA in dance. Winner of the Commons Video Contest organized by the International Association for the Study of the Commons in November 2018.

Tomorrow Many things have been tried to resolve the ecological and economic crises. They haven’t really worked. According to Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mohammed Yunnus, the strongest driving force in human beings is their desire and their imagination. He believes that today we must make films and tell stories that spark the desire to build another world. This is what Cyril Dion and Mélanie Laurent decided to do by lining up known solutions in all spheres side-by-side to show what our society could look like tomorrow…

Discussion – 3.2.2020

Additional Resources: Introduction to Socio-Technical Transitions

This page contains additional resources for the Introduction to Socio-Technical Transitions class.

What is the MLP: this video explains the multi-level perspective of examining socio-technical systems using a car as an example.

The video below is a brief account of how the multi-level perspective can assist transitions to sustainability.

Video from the European Society for Ecological Economics, 2015

Using the car as an example, the video below provides a good overview of the MLP

Manaaki Whenua, Landcare Research, 2012

Using the transport system as an example, the diagram and table below show how design and its sub disciplines are embedded within socio-technical systems.

The video below explain the Multi-Level Perspective using the analogy of a tree and its surrounding environment.


Discussion – 3.4.2020

Additional Resources: Types of Socio-Technical Transitions

This page contains additional resources for the Types of Socio-Technical Transitions class.

In the videos below, Gill Seyfang of the University of East Angia, UK explains Socio-Technical Transition Theory and Professor James Meadowcroft explains the term ‘socio-technical’ transitions and how these emerge and change over time. In particular he discusses how the design of policy and governance plays a critical role. It is critical that Transition Designers understand the anatomy of large socio-technical regimes in order to help seed and catalyze their transition to more sustainable states.

Video from the European Society for Ecological Economics, 2015

Video from Sustainable Prosperity Conference, 2014

Class Activity – 3.16.2020

Additional Resources: Mapping a Sociotechnical Transition

This page contains additional resources for the Mapping a Sociotechnical Transition class.

The video below give a very clear explanation of the Multi-Level-Perspetive and Socio-Technical Regime Theory.

Climate-KIC, 2016

Discussion – 3.18.2020

Additional Resources: Circular Economies

This page contains additional resources for the Circular Economics discussion session

The ‘Impossible Hamster’ demonstrates the foolishness of an economic system that is predicated on continuous growth

Videos below provide an overview of capitalism (our existing economic paradigm that many argue is inherently unsustainable) and provide an overview of concepts such as ‘The Circular Economy’, how social media networking/sharing is opening up possibilities for alternative economies and modes of sharing.

Video from Libcom.org, 2014

Video from The School of Life, 2015

In the video below, Rob Hopkins makes the case for  ‘Transition Towns’ one of the most important strands in the transition movement. Transition Towns work for the development of communities that are resilient enough to withstand external perturbations such as economic downturns, peak oil and climate change.  This involves, for example, creating localised energy, monetary and food systems and fostering local business.

Video from Transition Bournemouth, Bournemouth University, 2015

More information and resources about Transition Towns and the Transition Network can be found on this website:

Below are two videos on the Circular Economy, https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/circular-economy, which, according to the Ellen Macarthur Foundation, aims to keep products, components, and materials at their highest utility and value at all times [which] enhances natural capital, optimises resource yields, and minimises system risks by managing finite stocks and renewable flows”.

Video by Daniel Binns for the Ellen McArthur Foundation, circa 2013

Video from RSA, UK 2011

More information and resources about the Circular Economy can be found on this website:

Business strategist Don Tapscott outlines ways in businesses specifically and the economy in general need to transform in a 21st century networked global society.

Video from Don Tapscott Group, 2014

Harvard law professor Yochai Benkler discusses the challenges of the shared and ‘on-demand’ economy.

Video from the World Economic Forum, 2015

Venture capitalist partner Peter Dempster talks about the new paradigm of the ‘collaborative consumption’ and its disruptive effect upon existing economic models/paradigms.

Video from VLab Videos, 2013

Anne Leonard lays out strategies for changing the unsustainable economic paradigm that we are embedded within:

Discussion – 3.23.2020

Additional Resources: Commoning

This page contains additional resources for the Commoning discussion session

The Tragedy of the Commons: These animated videos explain the concept of the commons and how it relates to multiple wicked problems such as loss of biodiversity, pollution of all kinds and income disparity and the ability of different groups of people to adequately meet their needs.

The Commons: This video is a short clip of a documentary film about communities all over the world reasserting sustainable, responsible futures using ancient commons principles. The film visits cooperatives, ecovillages, commons lawyers, Occupy activists, Internet commoners, indigenous peoples, community banks and others around the world to explore how commons work for them.

What is Commoning? This video discusses how “commoning” can become a process to transform the social paradigm of our current system. In his paper for The Next Systems Project’s “New Systems: Possibilities and Proposals” series exploring viable political-economic alternatives to the present order, economist David Bollier suggests we rethink the traditional “tragedy of the commons” argument, moving instead toward new and innovative ways to equitably manage shared resources.

The Peer to Peer Foundation (P2P) In this video, Michel Bauwens the founder of the Peer to Peer network explains the concept of the commons and how peer to peer sharing can be a strategy for more sustainable and equitable ways of living.

Discussion – 3.25.2020

Additional Resources: Manfred Max-Neef (Needs)

This page contains additional resources for the Manfred Max-Neef discussion session

The video below gives an excellent overview of Manfred Max-Neef’s Theory of Needs

In these clips, Manfred Max-Neef talks about his concept of Barefoot Economics and the ways in which our economies must transition.

Video from Alliance for Sustainability and Prosperity, 2013

Video from Democracy Now, 2010

This video is a introduces the concept of Gross National Happiness (GNH), as an alternative Gross National Product (GDP). GNH is being used to guide policy and to assess the country’s well being and prosperity.

GNH Center, Bhutan, 2016

This article from the World Economic Forum ranks countries by their ability to meet the basic human needs of their citizens. Look how it turns the rankings we are used to seeing upside down.

Lecture – 3.30.2020

Additional Resources: Design for Behavior Change

This page contains additional resources for the Design for Behavior Change class.

In the video below, CMU School of Design Faculty member Dr. Dan Lockton argues that design often discourages rather than encourages behaviour change.

Nudgestock 2: Dr. Dan Lockton: Designing with people in behaviour change

Discussion – 4.1.2020

Additional Resources: Social Practice Theory

This page contains additional resources for the Social Practice Theory & Social Psychology discussion session.

The first video is of Dr. Stanley Blue from Bristol University explaining what a social practice is and why studying how changes occur is important. The second video shows Elizabeth Shove of Lancaster University, UK discussing the relationship of Social Practice Theory to Design.

Video from The School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, UK, 2015

5th STS Italia Conference, A Matter of Design, Milano (IT), Politecnico di Milano, 2014

The first two videos show Tim Kasser discussing social psychology research and its connection to shifting to sustainable behaviours.

Video from IIT Sustainability, 2014

Video from Andrews University, 2015