This page contains additional resources for the Mindset & Posture class.
Lecture – 2.11.2019
Additional Resources: Mindset & Posture
The film Crossroads: Labor Pains of a New Worldview provides an overview of the global situation that Transition Design aspires to help address and discusses ways in which this transition might be catalysed. In addition to this film’s exploration of the emergence of a new worldview, it touches on many of the key themes within the four areas of the Transition Design Framework.
The video below discusses the life and work of Norwegian philosopher and founder of Deep Ecology Arne Naess and features interviews from many well known environmentalists. Deep Ecology advocates an expanded notion of ‘the self” that is able to identify and empathise not only with other humans, but with the natural world.
The Call of the Mountain: Arne Naess and the Deep Ecology Movement, directed by Jan van Boeckel, 1997
In the video below, businessman Ray Anderson describes the epiphany that shifted his mindset towards an ecological worldview. He subsequently led the transformation of his company, Interface, in pioneering sustainable carpeting.
Reality for Change, 2011
In the video below philosopher and physicist Henri Borfoft introduces the phenomenological approach to science that was pioneered by Wolfgang von Goethe. He argues that science cannot be decontextualized, that it is always embedded in the culture and history of its era, and asks what it means to say that we ‘know the world?’
Schumacher College, Devon, UK
Berrett Koehler, 2008
The Architect Christopher Alexander has written extensively on his ideas about wholeness and design. In his early work, A Pattern Language he outlines aspects of wholeness and ‘life’ found in the things we design. Below is a brief interview in which he discusses these concepts.
Video from NPR, 2005
Discussion – 1.13.2019
Additional Resources: The Mechanistic vs. Holistic Worldview
This page contains additional resources for the The Mechanistic vs. Holistic Worldview class. You will see that the videos have been divided into two sections. First those that describe the characteristics and problems with the dominant, mechanistic worldview and the second section contains videos that explain the principles of a more holistic way of viewing the world (ecological worldview).
The Mechanistic Worldview
From: “I Love Lucy”, the episode in which Lucy and Ethel work in an overly mechanized chocolate factory
Video from Sociology Live!, 2015
George Ritzer’s concept of the McDonaldization of Society was informed by the work of sociologist Max Weber who first demonstrated how the principles of rationalization had been applied to social organization, leading to overly bureaucratic forms of government.
Video from The School of Life, 2015
And now for something completely different:
John Cleese, “The Scientists”, 2008
The Holistic Worldview
In the video from the link below, the founder and CEO of Interface carpets, Ray Anderson talks about his epiphany that led him to transition a multi-million dollar company to a more sustainable future.
Philosopher and author Roman Krznaric in this RSA video entitled The Power of Outtrospection argues that we can help drive social change by stepping outside ourselves, and that we need to learn “to expand our empathic imaginations forwards through time as well as across space”.
Video from the RSA, UK, 2011
The video below from the Royal Society of Arts (RSA), UK visualizes a lecture by neurologist, philosopher and author Iain McGilchrist. In it he argues that the right and left hemispheres of the brain enable us to perceive and interact with the world in fundamentally different ways: the right perceives wholes, contextualizes phenomena and tries to be aware of as much as possible; the left focuses on parts, decontextualizes phenomena, separates subject from object and strives for efficiency and control. In our era, the modus operandi of the left hemisphere has usurped that of the right, which has led to “our present predicament”.
Video from the RSA, UK, 2011
Ecologist and author Satish Kumar talks about a ‘new story’ for humanity, based upon a more ecological, holistic worldview.
Findhorn New Story Community, 2014
Video by Rerun Boekel, 2009
Dr. Stephan Harding, ecologist/scientist, coordinator of the MSc in Holistic Science at Schumacher College and author of Animate Earth talks about science, intuition and Gaia and the characteristics of a new worldview. The interview takes place on the grounds of Schumacher College, an international center for ecological studies in Devon, UK.
Schumacher College, 2016
Video from Naked Science, 2009
Video from The Mind and Life Conference XXVI, 2013
Discussion – 2.18.2019
Additional Resources: Diversity & Equity
This page contains additional resources for the Diversity & Equity class. Issues related to diversity, equity, uneven power relations, implicit bias and what sociology professor Patricia Hill Collins has called “The Matrix of Domination” are crucial to understand and address within the Transition Design approach. An entire semester could be devoted to this single area and the videos shown below are intended to introduce students to these important topics/issues so that they may continue to deepen their understanding of them. This section on Diversity and Equity as well as the class on Building Community Capacity directly address the social relations and interactions that form the “connective tissue” of both wicked problems and socio-technical systems. The Mindset and Posture section of the Transition Design Framework asks designers to examine their own worldviews, mindsets and values and becoming aware of implicit bias is an important part of this journey.
Arturo Escobar: The guest speaker in the Diversity & Equity class is Arturo Escobar, author of the book Designs for the Pluriverse: Radical Interdependence, Autonomy and the Making of Worlds. This video is a lecture given by Escobar at the International Institute of Social Studies in which he synopsizes the book.
Boaventura De Sousa Santos discusses non-Eurocentric ways of knowing and what is called “epistemologies of the South”, Coimbra, February, 2012.
Diversity and Inclusion: Diversity helps to improve our thinking and outcomes, but diversity alone is not enough. It takes equity to stop oppression. Our default ways of thinking are biased so we need to manage our thought process. In her powerful talk, Dr. Martin explores new ways of reducing our unconscious bias and understanding the forms of oppression we experience today. Dr. Atyia Martin is a Certified Emergency Manager with a diverse set of experiences in public health, emergency management, intelligence, and homeland security. Mayor Martin J. Walsh appointed her as the Chief Resilience Officer for the City of Boston as part of the 100 Resilient Cities initiative pioneered by the Rockefeller Foundation. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community.
We all have implicit biases: Dushaw Hockett is the founder and Executive Director of Safe Places for the Advancement of Community and Equity (SPACEs), a Washington, DC-based leadership development and community building organization dedicated to bridging the gap between what people imagine and what they achieve. He’s the former Director of Special Initiatives for the Center for Community Change (CCC), a 40-plus year old national social justice organization founded in the memory of the late Robert F. Kennedy. Dushaw Hockett is the founder and Executive Director of Safe Places for the Advancement of Community and Equity (SPACEs), a Washington, DC-based leadership development and community building organization dedicated to bridging the gap between what people imagine and what they achieve. He’s the former Director of Special Initiatives for the Center for Community Change (CCC), a 40-plus year old national social justice organization founded in the memory of the late Robert F. Kennedy. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community.
Your privilege is showing: Whether we acknowledge it or not, race, sex, gender, class, and privilege are all part of our daily lives no matter who we are, what we look like, or where we’re from. But too often we don’t talk about these issues for fear of saying the wrong thing, or that the conversations will be difficult, bitter, and even painful. Does it have to be that way? Artist and activist Lillian Medville has designed a surprising—and surprisingly effective—alternative. Lillian Medville is the creator and facilitator of Your Privilege is Showing. She developed this unique experience-based card game that allows for conversations about privilege and social justice through her own personal evolution with understanding culture and power. She has brought the game to MIT Media Lab, Harvard School of Ed, The Humanist Hub, Berklee College of Music, SXSWedu in March 2017, and is currently working on a documentary film about the Berklee College Pilot program that took place fall 2016. Lillian is creative and honest in her approach to doing what works through art. She works on projects related to social justice, bravery, and permission to be exactly who you are. The game can be found here.
Explaining Implicit Bias by the RSA: This animation introduces the key concepts of unconscious bias. It forms part of the Royal Society’s efforts to ensure that all those who serve on Royal Society selection and appointment panels are aware of differences in how candidates may present themselves, how to recognise bias in yourself and others, how to recognise inappropriate advocacy or unreasoned judgement. You can find out more about unconscious bias and download a briefing which includes current academic research at www.royalsociety.org/diversity.
Implicit Bias in AI Design: Sasha Costanza-Chock discusses the need to eliminate bias from AI systems. Costanza-Chock is an assistant professor of civic media at MIT’s Comparative Media Studies/Writing program, and explores what it might mean to make a real effort at eliminating bias from AI systems.
The Matrix of Domination: Wikipedia defines the Matrix of Domination as a sociological paradigm that explains issues of oppression that deal with race, class, and gender, which, though recognized as different social classifications, are all interconnected. Other forms of classification, such as sexual orientation, religion, or age, apply to this theory as well. Patricia Hill Collins is credited with introducing the theory in her work entitled Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. As the term implies, there are many different ways one might experience domination, facing many different challenges in which one obstacle, such as race, may overlap with other sociological features. Characteristics such as race, age, and sex, may affect an individual in extremely different ways, in such simple cases as varying geography, socioeconomic status, or simply throughout time. Other scholars such as Kimberle Crenshaw’s Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color are credited with expanding Collins’ work. The matrix of domination is a way for people to acknowledge their privileges in society. How one is able to interact, what social groups one is in, and the networks one establishes is all based on different interconnected classifications. The Prezi file below can be accessed here.
Designs for the Pluriverse: Arturo Escobar discusses his book.